to reduce future injuries.
Each foot has 3 arches (Fig. 1). If one or more of these arches have “fallen”, or are not doing their job, there will be a domino-like effect up the entire structure (Fig. 2) producing increased demands on one or more areas of the body (muscle, tendon &/or joint). Secondly, the standing foot type can be different than the dynamic foot type (running), therefore, it’s important for a trained shoe specialist to determine what the dynamic foot type is so that the proper shoes can be recommended.
The standing foot type can be determined through digital scanning (Fig. 3) and appropriate recommendations will be made with regard to custom orthotics. As you can see in (Fig. 4), there is a difference between optimal foot support (strong arches) as compared to a foot with one or more weakened arches. In almost all people, there will also be a difference and imbalance between the left and right foot.
Standing foot type can be addressed and corrected rather easily. As we can see, there is a tremendous difference in full body alignment once custom orthotics are recommended. There is a mere 2 minute difference between picture one (without orthotics) and picture 2 (with orthotics).
Understand the importance of a full biomechanical exam (including foot type) on all athletes, regardless of age. Biomechanical x-rays are recommended for those 12 and older, but custom orthotics are recommended for those 7 and older. Specific shoe types should be considered for all athletes 7 and older, and bring custom orthotics to specialty shoe store when purchasing shoes (running, basketball, soccer, etc.).